UN Report on Childhood Mortality

fishingboatproceeds:

The UN’s report on childhood mortality was published today, which is the kind of event I really nerd out about. 

Highlights:

- 200,000 fewer children died in 2013 than in 2012.

- The worldwide mortality rate among children under 5 has fallen by nearly half since 1990.

- Many countries (including Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Liberia) have cut under 5 mortality by more than TWO THIRDS since 1990.

Lowlights:

- 19,000 children under five died every day of 2013. Most of them continue to die from preventable or treatable diseases.

- More than a third of child deaths result from three preventable and treatable diseases: pneumonia, diarrhea, and malaria.

- We will likely miss the global development goal of cutting child mortality by two thirds by 2015 and need to continue to speed the rate of decline.

- Between 1990 and 2013, 223,000,000 children died. Most of those deaths were preventable. 

More here in the New York Times report on the study.

etherealvistas:

Sunset on the Dorset Stour (England) by peterspencer49 

imprintx:

Vermont, United States

the-gasoline-station:

Sublime Photos of Wildfires by Stuart Palley

Source: TIME Lightbox

lakilester:

No one get’s lynched for exfoliating is the greatest come back I’ve ever witnessed.

did-you-kno:

China is building a “car-free” city that will support 80,000 residents who can travel without a vehicle. The project is designed to reduce waste, preserve wildlife, and cut energy use in half. Source

spacetimecontinumm:

Terraformation of Mars: A New Look

We look at Mars now as a forgotten Red Planet that almost seems barren and life-less judging from our available images and study of it. But study shows Mars was once as ecologically prosperous as our own Earth. But what happened to all of its waters? Better yet why is it so dry and lacking any plants? Once the abundance of oxygen left and the waters froze over or dried off the planet became what it is today. But what if we can in a way reactivate’ Mars? Welcome to Mars, Terraformed’.

About Terraforming

Transforming Mars will be a long and complicated process. But this is exactly the type of subject that interests space researchers like Christopher McKay of NASA Ames Research Center. First, greenhouse gases, like chlorofluorocarbons that contribute to the growing ozone layer on Earth, will be released into the atmosphere. This traps the heat from the Sun and raises the surface temperature by an average of 4 degrees Celsius. In order to achieve this, factories would manufacture chlorofluorocarbons derived from the air and soil. A single factory would require the power equivalent of a large nuclear power plant.

The increasing temperature would vaporize some of the carbon dioxide in the south polar cap. Introducing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere would produce additional warming, melting more of the polar cap until it has been vaporized completely. This would produce an average temperature rise of 70 degrees Celsius.

With the temperature this high, ice will start melting, providing the water needed to sustain life. This water would raise the atmospheric pressure to the equivalent of some mountaintops. While this would be a survivable level, it may still require the use of an oxygen mask. The next step, which may take up to several centuries, would be to plant trees that thrive on carbon dioxide and produce oxygen.

image

NASA: Terraforming Mars

Terraforming is the process of transforming a hostile environment into one suitable for human life. Being that Mars is the most Earth-like planet, it is the best candidate for terraforming. Once just the subject of science fiction novels, it is now becoming a viable research area. The famed astronomer and Pulitzer prize winner, Carl Sagan, says that there is enormous promise in the search for ancient life on Mars. If life was once sustainable on Mars, it is important to know what caused Mars to evolve into the cold and lifeless planet it is today. With this knowledge, we can terraform Mars by reversing the process.

NASA scientists believe that it is technologically possible at the present time to create considerable global climate changes, allowing humans to live on Mars. But this will not be by any means an easy task. Raising the atmospheric pressure and surface temperature alone could be achieved in a few decades.

This research has strong environmental implications for Earth. What researchers are trying to do involves global warming, a sort of greenhouse effect on the cold planet Mars. Scientists may be able to test their hypotheses about global warming in their attempts to elevate Mars’ surface temperature. Likewise, once theories, they may be applied to our own planet in an attempt to reverse environmental damage done by pollution and deforestation.

Republicans Unanimously Block Equal Pay Bill
http://thinkprogress.org/economy/2014/09/15/3567740/republicans-paycheck-fairness-act/

toomanypangalacticgargleblasters:

You’re all fired.

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